The Dirty Dozen and Clean 15.

The Dirty Dozen and Clean 15.

The dirty dozen and the clean 15 refer respectively to the fruits and vegetables that are the most and least contaminated by pesticide use, according to the Environmental Working Group.

Why do we care? Pesticides are toxic by design! Different pesticides have been linked to a variety of health problems, including hormone disruption, cancer and brain toxicity.

But for most people, switching to organic produce is a gradual process. Because organic foods tend to be more expensive than their counterparts, making informed choices in the produce aisle helps minimize pesticide consumption while keeping the budget in check!


The Dirty Dozen (in order of contamination) Apples Celery Sweet bell peppers Peaches Strawberries Nectarines Grapes Spinach Lettuce Cucumbers Blueberries Potatoes

The Clean 15 (in order of least contamination) Onions Sweet Corn Pineapples Avocado Cabbage Sweet peas Asparagus Mangoes Eggplant Kiwi Cantaloupe Sweet potatoes Grapefruit Watermelon Mushrooms




Common Dietary Allergans

Examples of ingredients which may contain common dietary allergens

Food                                                                                                Ingredients

Milk  :                         Artificial butter flavour, butter, butter fat, buttermilk, casein, caseinates (sodium, calcium, etc.), cheese, cream, cottage cheese, curds, custard, hydrolysates (casein, milk, whey), lactalbumin, lactose, milk (derivatives, protein, solids, malted, condensed, evaporated, dry, whole, low-fat, non-fat, skim), nougat, pudding, rennet casein, sour cream, sour cream solids, sour milk solids, whey (delactosed, demineralized, protein concentrate), yogurt.

MAY contain milk  :           Brown sugar flavouring, natural flavouring, chocolate, caramel flavouring, high protein flour, margarine.

Egg :  egg (white, yolk, dried, powdered, solids), egg substitute, eggnog, globulin, livetin, lysozyme, mayonnaise,meringue, Albumin,ovalbumin, ovomucin, ovomucoid.

Wheat  :                     Bread crumbs, bran, cereal extract, cracker meal, enriched flour, farina, gluten, graham flour, high gluten flour, high protein flour, malt, vital gluten, wheat bran, wheat germ, wheat gluten, wheat starch, wheat heat flour, spelt.

MAY contain wheat  :       Gelatinised starch, hydrolysed vegetable protein, modified food starch, modified starch, natural flavouring, soy sauce, starch, vegetable gum, vegetable starch.

Soy  :                             Hydrolysed vegetable protein, miso, shoyu sauce, soy (flour, grits, nuts, milk, sprouts), soybean (granules, curd), soy protein (concentrate, isolate), soy sauce, textured vegetable protein (TVP), tofu.

MAY contain soy   :          Hydrolysed plant protein, hydrolysed soy protein, hydrolysed vegetable protein, natural flavouring, vegetable broth, vegetable gum, vegetable starch.

Peanut  :                          Cold pressed peanut oil, ground nuts, mixed nuts, artifical nuts, peanut, peanut butter, peanut flour.

May contain peanut         African, Chinese, Thai and other ethnic dishes, baked goods (pastries, cookies, etc.) candy, chilli, chocolate candy, egg rolls, hydrolysed plant protein, hydrolysed vegetable protein, marzipan, nougat.


Sicherer SH. Food allergy: when and how to perform oral food challenges. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 1999 Nov;10(4):226-34.